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This is a How-To on using Hyper Backup on a Synology NAS based on my experience with the product.
Hyper Backup is the backup solution on a Synology NAS and can be configured in many different ways and for many different purposes.
Today’s How-To is going to show how to set up a local backup to an external USB hard drive with Smart Rotation enabled.
This is a form of versioning that allows a user to restore an older version of a file or folder. I will show you how to set it up and hopefully in the future I will create another How to on restoring files/folders from Hyper Backup.

I formatted the drives I use exclusively with Hyper Backup as ext4 to have compatibility with the NAS's ext4. Other external disks I format as exFat (paying the small fee for the Synology licence) so they are compatible with Mac and PC. All these disks were formatted using the NAS. Message log at /var/log/messages.

A Synology NAS to Backblaze B2 Hyper Backup task is a great way to back up your NAS. In the last post that I created, we took a look at how to backup your Synology NAS to a Raspberry Pi. With Hyper Backup Explorer, users can browse and restore from NAS or Synology C2 Backup right from their desktop. AFP and SMB protocol Backups can be accessed on macOS computers using the AFP protocol via macOS Finder or on Windows computers using the SMB protocol via Windows File Explorer, saving the effort of logging in to a DSM interface. A Synology NAS to Backblaze B2 Hyper Backup task is a great way to back up your NAS. In the last post that I created, we took a look at.

14 Steps total

Step 1: Open Hyper Backup

Log into your Synology web console and open the Hyper Backup application.

Step 2: Choose a Backup Task

Click on the cross in the bottom left hand corner and choose “Data Backup Task” from the options.

Backblaze hyper backup

Step 3: Different Options to Choose from

There are many different options to choose from for the backup location. Today I am just showing how to back up to a local USB hard drive.

Step 4: Choose Local Folder & USB

Choose the option that says, “Local folder & USB”. This will create a single file on the Local folder or USB drive that you will use for the backup and will be accessible using the Hyper Backup Explorer in Hyper Backup. It will not replicate the folder structure, please see my previous How To article to set it up that way: https://community.spiceworks.com/how_to/148067-using-hyper-backup-to-backup-to-local-drive-synology-nas Tane dlc - trainz route: rostovsky uzel download for mac osx.

Press Next….

Step 5: Choose a backup destination

Choose a location to back up the data to, in my case to the USBshare1 hard drive. (Please note, this share was set up when plugging in the USB drive to the Synology, so you will have to do that first). Press next….

Step 6: Choose which folders you would like to backup

Choose all folders if you want a full backup of your Synology, or choose individual folders that you want to back up. Press next….

Backup Nas To Backblaze

Step 7: Choose applications to backup(If any)

Synology Backup To Backblaze

Choose any applications that you may want to backup, then press next….

Step 8: Create the Task Settings

Backblaze Synology Hyper Backup Software

Give your backup a name (task name). Usually I leave all options as default, this is personal preference. Tick the “Enable the backup schedule” option and choose when you would like the backups to run. The options here are: “Daily”, “Weekend”, “Week Days” or tick boxes for custom days. Then press next….

Step 9: Couple of different options for backup rotation

Backblaze Logs

Enable backup rotation and then choose the method you would like to use. Please see this screenshot of the options that 'Smart Recycle' gives you.

Step 10: From the Earliest option

Hyper Backup will keep a single version of each file for as many versions as you choose. In the screenshot, the default is 256 versions and this would keep a single version each day for up to 9 months that you could restore.

Step 11: Smart Recycle Option

As the first screenshot showed, this option will keep hourly backups for the past 24 hours, daily versions for the past month and weekly versions older than a month for up to 4 years in this screenshot.

Step 12: Change frequency of the backup task (If required)

When the task is completed, you can change the frequency of the backup by pressing “Settings”,

Step 13: Frequency Settings

Clicking on the “Schedule” tab and changing the “Frequency” from once a day to any option of every hour, etc.

Step 14: Results

This is how it looks in the directory created on the USB hard drive.

This is just a general run down of the product, but is easy to configure and has many options available.


  • For further information, please visit: https://www.synology.com/en-global/support
Backblaze Synology Hyper Backup

Synology Backblaze B2 Backup


Backblaze Personal Synology

  • Thai Pepper
    MI50 Aug 29, 2018 at 01:47pm

    Thanks for this how to have you created one on how to backup from one synology to another synology that is offsite over the internet?

  • Serrano
    wilthorna Aug 30, 2018 at 02:37am

    Sorry no, I haven't looked into this. The guy from Techwiztime on Youtube has a pretty good video of that scenario

    * I have no affiliation, but found that video informative.

  • Pimiento
    spicehead-zf7mg Feb 21, 2019 at 10:13am

    umm ROTATION would normally mean rotating DISKS ..
    how can this be done? ie allowing one disk to be rotated weekly off-site form a2 disk set

  • Pimiento
    gavincritchley Mar 18, 2019 at 09:41pm

    Should the title be Smart Rotation or Smart Retention? Rotation is something you haven't covered.

  • Serrano
    dBrad Aug 22, 2019 at 06:28pm

    Agree with the above comments - this is NOT rotation. And in my experience you cannot properly rotate backups at all with Synology DSM 6 or higher. Time Backup works like a champ on prior DSM versions but they replaced it with Hyper Backup and proper drive rotation no longer works.